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Authors: D. Taillaert, W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, T.F. Krauss, P. Van Daele, I. Moerman, S. Verstuyft, K. De Mesel, R. Baets
Title: An Out-of-Plane Grating Coupler for Efficient Butt-Coupling Between Compact Planar Waveguides and Single-Mode Fibers
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 7/2002
Journal/Conference/Book: IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Volume(Issue): 38(7) p.949-955
DOI: 10.1109/jqe.2002.1017613
Citations: 531 ( - last update: 19/5/2024)
379 (OpenCitations - last update: 3/5/2024)
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We have designed and fabricated an out-of-plane coupler for butt-coupling from fiber to compact planar waveguides. The coupler is based on a short second-order grating or photonic crystal, etched in a waveguide with a low-index oxide cladding. The coupler is optimized using mode expansion-based simulations. Simulations using a 2-D model show that up to 74% coupling efficiency between single-mode fiber and a 240-nm-thick GaAs-AlOx waveguide is possible. We have measured 19% coupling efficiency on test structures.

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