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Authors: L. Bogaert, K. Van Gasse, T. Spuesens, G. Torfs, J. Bauwelinck, G. Roelkens
Title: Silicon Photonics Traveling Wave Photodiode with Integrated Star Coupler for High-Linearity mmWave Applications
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 12/2018
Journal/Conference/Book: Optics Express
Volume(Issue): 26(26) p.34753-34765
DOI: 10.1364/oe.26.034763
Citations: 20 ( - last update: 16/6/2024)
2 (OpenCitations - last update: 19/4/2024)
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Next-generation wireless communication will require increasingly faster data links. To achieve those higher data rates, the shift towards mmWave frequencies and smaller cell sizes will play a major role. Radio-over-Fiber has been proposed as a possible architecture to allow for this shift but is nowadays typically implemented digitally, as CPRI (Common Public Radio Interface). Centralization will be important to keep next-generation architectures cost-effective and therefore shared optical amplification at the central office could be preferable. Unfortunately, limited power handling capabilities of photodetectors still hinder the shift towards centralized optical amplification. Traveling wave photodetectors (TWPDs) have been devised to allow for high-linearity, high-speed opto-electronic conversion. In this paper, an architecture is discussed consisting of such a TWPD implemented on the iSiPP25G silicon photonics platform. A monolithically integrated star coupler is added in the design to provide compact power distribution while preserving the high linearity of the TWPD. The traveling wave structure (using 16 photodetectors) has a measured 3 dB bandwidth of 27.5 GHz and a fairly flat S21 up to 50 GHz (less than 1 dB extra loss). Furthermore, the output referred third-order intercept point at 28 GHz, is improved from -1.79 dBm for a single Ge photodiode to 20.98 dBm by adopting the traveling wave design.

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